It is important to learn how to observe a cylinder correctly because the eye cannot see halfway around a cylinder. You must be able to draw a good cube in perspective before you can build a successful cylinder.
Using the Cylinder to Draw Figures
For centuries artists have related basic geometric solids to the human figure. Even the human figure is made of cylinders that are of different sizes. Even our fingers are constructed of cylinders. To increase our ability to conceptualize their volumes in space understanding the axes of these forms is necessary. When sketching faces by utilizing these constructs, artists can achieve a greater awareness and appreciation of a model. Finding the direction of the forms when drawing shapes is a very important technical consideration as the potential for the model’s movements are limitless.
Use an extra piece of paper underneath your hand when shading, this will minimize the amount your hand smudges your pencil lines. If you’re left-handed, start at the right and move to the left and if you’re right-handed, start shading from left to right. Use smudging to your advantage every now and then to smooth out shading instead of getting frustrated trying to make a clean-looking drawing that loses its brilliance and value thanks to smudging. Instead,. You can do this with several tools. I use a simple piece of tissue paper to get the job done.”
Want to draw curly hair?
First, you need to draw two straight vertical lines, these will act as your guidelines for the width and length of the curl. Now between the two lines loosely draw down a wavy line. Then double the wavy line, a little below the first wavy line. You can already see a curly ribbon forming before you. Now remove the guidelines, add some details and connect the open parts on the sides.
Keep some texture
Some artists might find using watercolor crayons a little on the grainy side, however, I like the added life the grain gives to a sketch. It doesn’t require adding water over the whole image. Some areas can be left untouched to add a bit of texture to your sketch.
Create subtle shading by smudging large areas of soft charcoal. It’s preferable for your shading to be less sketchy and more smooth and subtle. Unless your very careful pencil lines don’t blend perfectly so take some time to get the perfection. We don’t want a sky full of scribbles unless it’s on purpose! To doodle, a big swatch of soft graphite or charcoal pencil use a spare paper, then use a large blending stick to pick up the soft dust to use for your image. If you need more graphite, keep adding more scribbles and using the blending stick. Start darkening some areas of the sky using the same technique, to define the tops of the clouds.
You will get heavier strokes (darker markings) when you position your hand closer to the end of the pencil, this way you will have more control and precision. You will get lighter strokes (lighter markings) when you are gripping further up the pencil, this way you will have less control and precision.
Use varied lines
To create a dynamic, visually interesting drawing, subtle shifts in the width and darkness of your lines will give the effect. With practice and patience you will be able to create a variety of marks that work together to make a cohesive image which in the beginning can be tricky but with consistent practice, you will be able to put down the mark you want to make. You can try this while holding the pencil at different angles, experiment with different pencil grades (from 3H to 6B).
Have you ever noticed that every important character in an animation movie is recognizable from their shadow alone? This magic has a name: the silhouette. To create an easily recognizable character that will remain clear in the visual memory of the viewer finding a strong and interesting silhouette is important. Grab a piece of tracing paper and trace around your character, filling it in with a solid color to test out whether your characters are readable as silhouettes or not. To test your silhouettes show them to your friends or colleagues and ask them what they see.
Mirror with tracing paper
Flipping the image can help highlight any problems. A tracing paper gives you the benefit to see how your drawing looks from the reverse angle as you can flip it over. This can help reveal errors in proportion. In order to arrive at a more successful drawing take advantage of this as you work.
Make it symmetrical (but not quite)
Keep a nice contrast going between a finished look and a more of a sketchy feel. I like symmetrical drawings but they often look boring all too quickly. Instead of mirroring every small part add some subtle changes and only keep the general lines symmetrical is a good way to prevent this. To avoid boring repetitions keep some elements asymmetrical.
Mix it up
To add a lot of dynamism to your sketch, use the irregular lines when shading. You should definitely use this technique if you want to create a fresh and unique sketch of a portrait, architecture, or concept art. Generally, I use it to sketch loosely, flat backgrounds (if there is no texture, this technique will add some), bushes, or grass.
At the end of the day, it doesn’t really matter how you study or which books/courses you use. All that matters is the total hours you spend practicing. So pick whatever interests you the most and just get going! If you can practice them well, you will see noticeable improvements. Learning sketching basics are crucial to every art career and they truly pave the way to your future success.