Different Styles of Parenting
Parenting styles portray the way guardians respond and react to their youngsters. The style of parenting speaks about the level of love parents have for their children. There are commonly four styles of parenting i.e authoritarian, permissive, authoritative, and uninvolved. The style may be different but the intention is common that is to raise their children happy, healthy and self-sufficient. four types of parenting are :
Authoritarian parenting is a very strict parenting where children are expected to follow the rules and regulations set by parents without questioning them and in this style of parenting, there is very little or almost no interaction of the child with their parents. This type of parents is highly demanding. Parents use punishments instead of discipline. Children of authoritarian parents have low self-esteem, are insecure and less independent. They also have poor social skills. Authoritarian parents are unresponsive to their children’s needs and are generally not nurturing.
Eg: if a child breaks something by mistake, the authoritarian parents will punish the child instead of forgiving them for their mistake. Another example can be if a child asks for something the parents will directly say no to their child without knowing the reason for their asking This type of parenting is not preferred because children feel suffocated and have more behavioral issues and they are often prone to taking wrong decisions as they don’t get the emotional support from their parents.
This parenting style is also called democratic parenting style. In this parenting style, parents have high expectations for their children and they are very supportive and interactive. They set rules and boundaries and allow their child to question them. They encourage independence. Eg: if the children are hungry and don’t want to eat the food you are giving and demands junk food, the parents will respond sensitively to their child and not grant junk food, they will rather say that you can have pizza and ice cream but only after finishing your meal. They don’t say no directly to their child and understand their need and want. This is considered the best parenting style as children of authoritative parents are more independent, have better social skills and are academically good. They have higher self-esteem as they have support from their parents. They have better mental health and are happy and content. In authoritative parenting is a minimum level of violence.
Permissive parents are very low demanding and are not at all strict. They don’t set rules or boundaries or even if they set they don’t tend to follow it often. Parents are very indulging and warm and fulfill every demand of their children because they don’t like to say no to the child cause they can’t see their child disappointed. Eg: the children want to eat junk, permissive parents will get them all sorts of junk food just because they can’t say no their child. They will allow their children to eat anything without limit and restrictions. This type of parenting style is not positive as children of permissive parents are not disciplined, can’t follow rules, are generally very egoistic and have low social skills. They also have very low self-control and encounter more problems in relationships and friendships.
They are also called neglectful parenting. They are generally uninvolved in their children’s life These uninvolved parents tend to have mental issues themselves such as maternal depression, physical abuse or child neglect when they were kids. and are them very busy. They are least bothered by their child’s needs and wants. Eg: children ask for food. Uninvolved parents will give no response to their child’s hunger and won’t care if they are eating healthy or junk. Another example can be if the child gets into a fight with someone, uninvolved parents will take no initiative to solve the fight or justify the behavior neither will they intervene. This is also not a positive parenting style as children of uninvolved parents are more prone to addictions like drugs and alcohol. They suffer mental issues and are impulsive. They tend to take a lot of wrong decisions as they don’t have any support from their parents to guide them.